strike1 W3S3 [straık] v past tense and past participle struck [strʌk]
2¦(hit with hand/weapon etc)¦
4 strike somebody as (being) something
5¦(stop work)¦
8¦(something bad happens)¦
9 strike a balance (between something)
10 strike a bargain/deal
11 strike a happy/cheerful/cautious etc note
12 strike a chord
13 strike a match
14 strike gold/oil etc
16 strike a blow for somebody/something
17 be within striking distance
18 strike it rich
19 strike it lucky
21¦(gain advantage)¦
22 strike home
23 strike terror/fear into somebody's heart
24 strike a pose/attitude
25 be struck dumb
26 be struck with horror/terror/awe etc
27 strike while the iron is hot
28 strike somebody dead
Phrasal verbs
 strike back
 strike somebody<=>down
 strike somebody/something<=>off
 strike on/upon something
 strike out
 strike up
[: Old English; Origin: strican 'to touch lightly, go']
1.) ¦(HIT)¦ [T]
written to hit or fall against the surface of something
She fell heavily, striking her head against the side of the boat.
A snowball struck him on the back of the head.
Several cars were struck by falling trees.
The last rays of the setting sun struck the garden windows.
2.) ¦(HIT WITH HAND/WEAPON ETC)¦ [T] formal
to deliberately hit someone or something with your hand or a weapon
She struck him hard across the face.
strike sth with sth
The victim had been struck with some kind of wooden implement.
Paul struck him a blow to the head.
The assassin's bullet struck home (=hit exactly where it should) .
3.) ¦(THOUGHT/IDEA)¦ [T not in progressive]
if something strikes you, you think of it, notice it, or realize that it is important, interesting, true etc
A rather worrying thought struck me.
The first thing that struck me was the fact that there were no other women present.
it strikes sb that
It struck her that losing the company might be the least of her worries.
be struck by sth
You can't help being struck by her kindness.
4.) strike sb as (being) sth
to seem to have a particular quality or feature
His jokes didn't strike Jack as being very funny.
it strikes sb as strange/odd etc that
It struck me as odd that the man didn't introduce himself before he spoke.
5.) ¦(STOP WORK)¦
if a group of workers strike, they stop working as a protest against something relating to their work, for example how much they are paid, bad working conditions etc
In many countries, the police are forbidden to strike.
strike for
They're striking for the right to have their trade union recognized in law.
6.) ¦(ATTACK)¦ [I]
to attack someone, especially suddenly
The killer might strike again.
Guerrillas struck a U.N. camp, killing 75.
Opponents of the war say that civilian villages have been struck several times.
7.) ¦(HARM)¦ [T]
to damage or harm someone or something
strike at
The law would strike at the most basic of civil rights.
Such prejudices strike right at the heart of any notions of a civilized society.
strike a blow at/against/to sth
The scandal seemed to have struck a mortal blow to the government's chances of re-election.
if something bad strikes, it suddenly happens or suddenly begins to affect someone
The plague struck again for the third time that century.
Everything seemed to be going fine when suddenly disaster struck .
9.) strike a balance (between sth)
to give the correct amount of importance or attention to two separate things
He was finding it difficult to strike a balance between his family and his work.
It isn't always easy to strike the right balance .
10.) strike a bargain/deal
to agree to do something for someone if they do something for you
There are rumors that the president struck a private deal with the corporation's chairman.
11.) strike a happy/cheerful/cautious etc note
to express a particular feeling or attitude
The article struck a conciliatory note.
Moderate Republicanism appeared to strike exactly the right note with the voters (=be what the people wanted) .
12.) strike a chord
to say or do something that other people agree with or have sympathy with
strike a chord with
Their story is bound to strike a chord with all parents.
13.) strike a match
to produce a flame from a match by rubbing it hard across a rough surface
14.) strike gold/oil etc
a) to find a supply of gold, oil etc in the ground or under the sea
If they strike oil, drilling will begin early next year.
b) strike gold
to do something that makes you a lot of money
Jackie eventually struck gold with her third novel.
15.) ¦(LIGHTNING)¦ [I and T]
if ↑lightning strikes something, it hits and damages it
The temple burned down after it was struck by lightning last year.
lightning never strikes twice [i]atlightning1
16.) strike a blow for sb/sth
to do something to help achieve a principle or aim
It's time we struck a blow for women's rights.
17.) be within striking distance
a) to be close enough to reach a place easily
By now they were within striking distance of the shore.
b) to be very close to achieving something
The French team are within striking distance of the world record.
18.) strike it rich
to suddenly make a lot of money
19.) strike it lucky
BrE to be very lucky, especially when you were not expecting to
We struck it lucky in Bangkok, where we were told there were some extra seats on the plane that night.
20.)¦(CLOCK)¦ [I and T]
if a clock strikes one, two, six etc, its bell makes a sound once, twice, six times etc according to what time it is
The church clock began to strike twelve.
strike the hour
(=strike when it is exactly one o'clock, two o'clock etc)
to do something that gives you an advantage over your opponent in a fight, competition etc
Brazil struck first with a goal in the third minute.
22.) strike home
if something that you say strikes home, it has exactly the effect on someone that you intended
She saw the emotion in her father's face and knew her words had struck home.
23.) strike terror/fear into sb's heart
to make someone feel very frightened
The word 'cancer' still strikes terror into many hearts.
24.) strike a pose/attitude
to stand or sit with your body in a particular position
Malcolm struck his usual pose: hands in pockets, shoulders hunched.
25.) be struck dumb
to suddenly be unable to talk, usually because you are very surprised or shocked
26.) be struck with horror/terror/awe etc
to suddenly feel very afraid, shocked etc
As she began to speak to him, she was struck with shyness.
27.) strike while the iron is hot
to do something immediately rather than waiting until a later time when you are less likely to succeed
28.) strike sb dead
to kill someone
May God strike me dead if I'm telling a lie!
strike back [i]phr v
to attack or criticize someone who attacked or criticized you first
We instruct our staff never to strike back however angry they feel.
strike back at
The prime minister immediately struck back at his critics.
strike down [strike sb<=>down] phr v
1.) [usually passive]
to kill someone or make them extremely ill
Over 50 nurses at the clinic have been struck down with a mystery virus.
They would rob the bodies of those struck down in battle.
2.) formal to hit someone so hard that they fall down
3.) law to say that a law, decision etc is illegal and officially end it
strike off [strike sb/sth<=>off] phr v
1.) be struck off
BrE if a doctor, lawyer etc is struck off, their name is removed from the official list of people who are allowed to work as doctors, lawyers etc
2.) to remove someone or something from a list
Terri was told to strike off the names of every person older than 30.
strike on/upon [strike on/upon sth] phr v
formal to discover something or have a good idea about something
be struck on sb/sth atstruck2
strike out phr v
1.) to attack or criticize someone suddenly or violently
strike out at
Unhappy young people will often strike out at the people closest to them.
2.) strike sth<=>out
to draw a line through something written on a piece of paper
3.) [always + adverb/preposition]
to start walking or swimming in a particular direction, especially in a determined way
She struck out for the side of the pool.
4.) strike out on your own
to start doing something or living independently
5.) to not hit the ball in baseball three times, so that you are not allowed to continue trying, or to make someone do this
strike sb<=>out
He struck out the first batter he faced.
6.) AmE informal to not be successful at something
'Did she say she'd go out with you?' 'No, I struck out.'
7.) strike sth<=>out
law to say officially that something cannot be considered as proof in a court of law
strike up phr v
1.) strike up a friendship/relationship/conversation etc
to start to become friendly with someone, to start talking to them, etc
I struck up a conversation with the girl sitting next to me.
2.) strike up (sth)
to begin playing a piece of music
The band struck up a tango.
HINT sense 1
In spoken and ordinary written English it is much more usual to use hit .
strike 2
strike2 W3S3 n
1¦(not working)¦
4 two/three strikes against somebody/something
1.) ¦(NOT WORKING)¦ [U and C]
a period of time when a group of workers deliberately stop working because of a disagreement about pay, working conditions etc
The farm workers' strike is in its third week.
strike by
a six-week strike by railway workers
strike over
a strike over pay cuts
strike against
a national strike against mine closures
Workers had been out on strike for 8 months.
Teachers went on strike last week to demand job security.
The trade union federations called a general strike to protest at working conditions.
They refused to obey the court's order to call off the strike .
The Prime Minister was determined to break the strike .
an all-out strike by civil servants
Hospital workers voted in favour of strike action .
2.) ¦(ATTACK)¦
a military attack, especially by planes dropping bombs
strike against/on
a surprise air strike on military targets
American aircraft carriers have launched several strikes .
3.) ¦(DISCOVERY)¦ [C usually singular]
the discovery of something valuable under the ground
an oil strike
4.) two/three strikes against sb/sth
AmE a condition or situation that makes it extremely difficult for someone or something to be successful
Children from poor backgrounds have two strikes against them by the time they begin school.
5.) ¦(BASEBALL)¦
an attempt to hit the ball in baseball that fails, or a ball that is thrown to the ↑batter in the correct area, but is not hit
6.) ¦(BOWLING)¦
a situation in ↑bowling in which you knock down all the ↑pins (=bottle shaped objects) with a ball on your first attempt
COLLOCATES for sense 1
be (out) on strike
come out/go (out) on strike (=start a strike)
call a strike
call off a strike (=decide not to continue with it)
break a strike (=end a strike)
general strike (=when workers from most industries strike)
all-out strike British English (=when all the workers in a factory, industry etc strike)
strike action British English
HINT sense 1
Do not say 'go on a strike'.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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