- strike1 W3S3 [straık] v past tense and past participle struck [strʌk]▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(hit)¦2¦(hit with hand/weapon etc)¦3¦(thought/idea)¦4 strike somebody as (being) something5¦(stop work)¦6¦(attack)¦7¦(harm)¦8¦(something bad happens)¦9 strike a balance (between something)10 strike a bargain/deal11 strike a happy/cheerful/cautious etc note12 strike a chord13 strike a match14 strike gold/oil etc15¦(lightning)¦16 strike a blow for somebody/something17 be within striking distance18 strike it rich19 strike it lucky20¦(clock)¦21¦(gain advantage)¦22 strike home23 strike terror/fear into somebody's heart24 strike a pose/attitude25 be struck dumb26 be struck with horror/terror/awe etc27 strike while the iron is hot28 strike somebody deadPhrasal verbsstrike backstrike somebody<=>downstrike somebody/something<=>offstrike on/upon somethingstrike outstrike up▬▬▬▬▬▬▬[: Old English; Origin: strican 'to touch lightly, go']1.) ¦(HIT)¦ [T]written to hit or fall against the surface of something▪ She fell heavily, striking her head against the side of the boat.▪ A snowball struck him on the back of the head.▪ Several cars were struck by falling trees.▪ The last rays of the setting sun struck the garden windows.2.) ¦(HIT WITH HAND/WEAPON ETC)¦ [T] formalto deliberately hit someone or something with your hand or a weapon▪ She struck him hard across the face.strike sth with sth▪ The victim had been struck with some kind of wooden implement.▪ Paul struck him a blow to the head.▪ The assassin's bullet struck home (=hit exactly where it should) .3.) ¦(THOUGHT/IDEA)¦ [T not in progressive]if something strikes you, you think of it, notice it, or realize that it is important, interesting, true etc▪ A rather worrying thought struck me.▪ The first thing that struck me was the fact that there were no other women present.it strikes sb that▪ It struck her that losing the company might be the least of her worries.be struck by sth▪ You can't help being struck by her kindness.4.) strike sb as (being) sthto seem to have a particular quality or feature▪ His jokes didn't strike Jack as being very funny.it strikes sb as strange/odd etc that▪ It struck me as odd that the man didn't introduce himself before he spoke.5.) ¦(STOP WORK)¦if a group of workers strike, they stop working as a protest against something relating to their work, for example how much they are paid, bad working conditions etc▪ In many countries, the police are forbidden to strike.strike for▪ They're striking for the right to have their trade union recognized in law.6.) ¦(ATTACK)¦ [I]to attack someone, especially suddenly▪ The killer might strike again.▪ Guerrillas struck a U.N. camp, killing 75.▪ Opponents of the war say that civilian villages have been struck several times.7.) ¦(HARM)¦ [T]to damage or harm someone or somethingstrike at▪ The law would strike at the most basic of civil rights.▪ Such prejudices strike right at the heart of any notions of a civilized society.strike a blow at/against/to sth▪ The scandal seemed to have struck a mortal blow to the government's chances of re-election.8.) ¦(SOMETHING BAD HAPPENS)¦ [I and T]if something bad strikes, it suddenly happens or suddenly begins to affect someone▪ The plague struck again for the third time that century.▪ Everything seemed to be going fine when suddenly disaster struck .→↑stricken9.) strike a balance (between sth)to give the correct amount of importance or attention to two separate things▪ He was finding it difficult to strike a balance between his family and his work.▪ It isn't always easy to strike the right balance .10.) strike a bargain/dealto agree to do something for someone if they do something for you▪ There are rumors that the president struck a private deal with the corporation's chairman.11.) strike a happy/cheerful/cautious etc noteto express a particular feeling or attitude▪ The article struck a conciliatory note.▪ Moderate Republicanism appeared to strike exactly the right note with the voters (=be what the people wanted) .12.) strike a chordto say or do something that other people agree with or have sympathy withstrike a chord with▪ Their story is bound to strike a chord with all parents.13.) strike a matchto produce a flame from a match by rubbing it hard across a rough surface14.) strike gold/oil etca) to find a supply of gold, oil etc in the ground or under the sea▪ If they strike oil, drilling will begin early next year.b) strike goldto do something that makes you a lot of money▪ Jackie eventually struck gold with her third novel.15.) ¦(LIGHTNING)¦ [I and T]if ↑lightning strikes something, it hits and damages it▪ The temple burned down after it was struck by lightning last year.→lightning never strikes twice [i]at ↑lightning116.) strike a blow for sb/sthto do something to help achieve a principle or aim▪ It's time we struck a blow for women's rights.17.) be within striking distancea) to be close enough to reach a place easily▪ By now they were within striking distance of the shore.b) to be very close to achieving something▪ The French team are within striking distance of the world record.18.) strike it richto suddenly make a lot of money19.) strike it luckyBrE to be very lucky, especially when you were not expecting to▪ We struck it lucky in Bangkok, where we were told there were some extra seats on the plane that night.20.)¦(CLOCK)¦ [I and T]if a clock strikes one, two, six etc, its bell makes a sound once, twice, six times etc according to what time it is▪ The church clock began to strike twelve.strike the hour(=strike when it is exactly one o'clock, two o'clock etc)21.) ¦(GAIN ADVANTAGE)¦to do something that gives you an advantage over your opponent in a fight, competition etc▪ Brazil struck first with a goal in the third minute.22.) strike homeif something that you say strikes home, it has exactly the effect on someone that you intended▪ She saw the emotion in her father's face and knew her words had struck home.23.) strike terror/fear into sb's heartto make someone feel very frightened▪ The word 'cancer' still strikes terror into many hearts.24.) strike a pose/attitudeto stand or sit with your body in a particular position▪ Malcolm struck his usual pose: hands in pockets, shoulders hunched.25.) be struck dumbto suddenly be unable to talk, usually because you are very surprised or shocked26.) be struck with horror/terror/awe etcto suddenly feel very afraid, shocked etc▪ As she began to speak to him, she was struck with shyness.27.) strike while the iron is hotto do something immediately rather than waiting until a later time when you are less likely to succeed28.) strike sb deadto kill someone▪ May God strike me dead if I'm telling a lie!strike back [i]phr vto attack or criticize someone who attacked or criticized you first▪ We instruct our staff never to strike back however angry they feel.strike back at▪ The prime minister immediately struck back at his critics.strike down [strike sb<=>down] phr v1.) [usually passive]to kill someone or make them extremely ill▪ Over 50 nurses at the clinic have been struck down with a mystery virus.▪ They would rob the bodies of those struck down in battle.2.) formal to hit someone so hard that they fall down3.) law to say that a law, decision etc is illegal and officially end itstrike off [strike sb/sth<=>off] phr v1.) be struck offBrE if a doctor, lawyer etc is struck off, their name is removed from the official list of people who are allowed to work as doctors, lawyers etc2.) to remove someone or something from a list▪ Terri was told to strike off the names of every person older than 30.strike on/upon [strike on/upon sth] phr vformal to discover something or have a good idea about something→be struck on sb/sth at ↑struck2strike out phr v1.) to attack or criticize someone suddenly or violentlystrike out at▪ Unhappy young people will often strike out at the people closest to them.2.) strike sth<=>outto draw a line through something written on a piece of paper3.) [always + adverb/preposition]to start walking or swimming in a particular direction, especially in a determined way▪ She struck out for the side of the pool.4.) strike out on your ownto start doing something or living independently5.) to not hit the ball in baseball three times, so that you are not allowed to continue trying, or to make someone do thisstrike sb<=>out▪ He struck out the first batter he faced.6.) AmE informal to not be successful at something▪ 'Did she say she'd go out with you?' 'No, I struck out.'7.) strike sth<=>outlaw to say officially that something cannot be considered as proof in a court of lawstrike up phr v1.) strike up a friendship/relationship/conversation etcto start to become friendly with someone, to start talking to them, etc▪ I struck up a conversation with the girl sitting next to me.2.) strike up (sth)to begin playing a piece of music▪ The band struck up a tango.▬▬▬▬▬▬▬HINT sense 1In spoken and ordinary written English it is much more usual to use hit .▬▬▬▬▬▬▬strike 2strike2 W3S3 n▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(not working)¦2¦(attack)¦3¦(discovery)¦4 two/three strikes against somebody/something5¦(baseball)¦6¦(bowling)¦▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1.) ¦(NOT WORKING)¦ [U and C]a period of time when a group of workers deliberately stop working because of a disagreement about pay, working conditions etc▪ The farm workers' strike is in its third week.strike by▪ a six-week strike by railway workersstrike over▪ a strike over pay cutsstrike against▪ a national strike against mine closures▪ Workers had been out on strike for 8 months.▪ Teachers went on strike last week to demand job security.▪ The trade union federations called a general strike to protest at working conditions.▪ They refused to obey the court's order to call off the strike .▪ The Prime Minister was determined to break the strike .▪ an all-out strike by civil servants▪ Hospital workers voted in favour of strike action .2.) ¦(ATTACK)¦a military attack, especially by planes dropping bombsstrike against/on▪ a surprise air strike on military targets▪ American aircraft carriers have launched several strikes .3.) ¦(DISCOVERY)¦ [C usually singular]the discovery of something valuable under the ground▪ an oil strike4.) two/three strikes against sb/sthAmE a condition or situation that makes it extremely difficult for someone or something to be successful▪ Children from poor backgrounds have two strikes against them by the time they begin school.5.) ¦(BASEBALL)¦an attempt to hit the ball in baseball that fails, or a ball that is thrown to the ↑batter in the correct area, but is not hit6.) ¦(BOWLING)¦a situation in ↑bowling in which you knock down all the ↑pins (=bottle shaped objects) with a ball on your first attempt▬▬▬▬▬▬▬COLLOCATES for sense 1be (out) on strikecome out/go (out) on strike (=start a strike)call a strikecall off a strike (=decide not to continue with it)break a strike (=end a strike)general strike (=when workers from most industries strike)all-out strike British English (=when all the workers in a factory, industry etc strike)strike action British EnglishHINT sense 1Do not say 'go on a strike'.▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.